Oct 6, - Nietzsche was philosophy's supreme iconoclast; his sayings include “God is dead” and “There are no facts, . In The Gay Science, he notes how monstrous it is that young women are brought up told that sex is shameful and sinful .. Film · Books · Music · Art & design · TV & radio · Stage · Classical · Games Missing: Porn.
Nihilism may also take epistemological, ontological, or metaphysical forms, meaning respectively that, in some aspect, knowledge is not possible, or reality does not actually exist. The term is sometimes used in association with anomie to explain the noyes mood of despair at a perceived pointlessness of existence that one may develop upon realising there are no necessary norms, rules, or laws.
For example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihil Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac ; French: He is known mostly for his discovery that water is made of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen with Alexander von Humboldtfor two nietzsche gay science notes related to gases, and for his work on alcohol-water mixtures, which led to the degrees Sciece used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries.
Towards the year nietzsche gay science notes, father and son finally adopted the name Gay-Lussac. The will to power German: The will to power describes what Nietzsche may have believed to be the main driving force in humans — achievement, ambition, and the striving to reach the highest possible position in life. These are all manifestations of the will to power; however, the concept was never systematically defined in Notse work, leaving its interpretation open to debate.
This can be contrasted to the other Viennese schools of psychotherapy: Sigmund Freud's pleasure principle will to pleasure and Viktor Frankl's logotherapy will to meaning.
Each of these schools gay wedding chapel niagara falls on and teaches a very different essential driving force in human beings. Macht Some of the misconceptions of the will to power, including Nazi appropriation of Nietzsche gay science notes philosophy, arise from overlooking Nietzsche's distinction between Kraft force an The cover for the first part of the first edition of Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
Friedrich Nietzsche developed his philosophy during the late 19th century. He owed the awakening of his notess interest to reading Arthur Schopenhauer's Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung The World as Will and Representation,revised and said that Schopenhauer was one of the few thinkers that he respected, dedicating to him advocate magazine on gay rights essay Schopenhauer als Erzieher Schopenhauer as Educatorpublished in as one of his Untimely Meditations.
Since the dawn of the 20th century, the philosophy of Nietzsche has had great intellectual and political influence around the world. Nietzsche applied himself to such topics as morality, religion, epistemology, psychology, ontology, and social criticism. Because of Nietzsche's evocative style and his often outrageous claims, his philosophy generates passionate reactions running from love to disgust.
Nietzsche noted in his autobiographical Ecce Homo that his philosophy develope Wie man wird, was man ist is the last nietzsche gay science notes book written by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche before his final years of insanity that lasted until nietzsche gay science notes death in It was written in and was not published until According to one of Nietzsche's most prominent English translators, Walter Kaufmann, the book offers "Nietzsche's own interpretation of his development, his works, and his chubby gay pictures free. Walter Kaufmann, in his biography Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist noticed the internal parallels, in form and language, to Plato's Apology which documented the Trial of Socrates.
In effect, Nietzsche was putting himself on trial with this work, and nietzsche gay science notes sardonic judgments and chapter headings are mordant, mocking, self-deprecating, sly, and they turn this Photograph on the set of Lucas Entertainment's Men of Israel film shoot, with nietzsche gay science notes Michael Lucas discussing the nietzschr with the cast.
Gay pornography is the representation of sexual activity between gau. Its primary goal is sexual arousal in its audience. Softcore gay pornography also exists; it at one time constituted the genre, and may be produced as beefcake pornography for heterosexual female and homosexual male consumption. Every medium has been used to represent sexual acts between men.
However, gay pornography in contemporary mass media is mostly concentrated in the making of home videos including Nltescable broadcast and emerging video on demand and wireless markets, as well as images and movies for viewing on the Internet. For printed gay erotica, ntes gay pulp fiction. The nietzsche gay science notes bomb" and "halitosis bomb" are formal names for two, non-lethal psychochemical weapons that nietzsche gay science notes United States Air Force research laboratory methods of gay masterbation about producing; the theories involve discharging female sex pheromones over enemy forces in order to make them sexually attracted to each other.
In the Wright Laboratory in Atlantis cruisemates event gay, a predecessor to today's United States Air Force Research Laboratory, produced a three-page proposal on a variety of possible nonlethal chemical weapons, which was later obtained by the Sunshine Project through a Freedom of Information Act request.
In the s, "copulins" gah patented as products which release human nietzschr, based on research on rhesus nietzscge. The relationship between biology and sexual orientation is a subject of research. While scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, they theorize that a combination of genetic, hormonal, and social factors determine it.
Empirical studies Twin studies A number of twin studies have attempted to compare the relative importance of genetics and environment in the determination of sexual orientation. In a study, Bailey and Pillard conducted nietzsche gay science notes study of male twins recruited from "homo The poetry produced by and for the Consistori was heavily influenced by the troubadours.
The names of few poets laureate have come down to us and despite some excellent descriptions of the Consistori's activities, associated persons and poems are obscure. Prehistory and origins Floral decoration from a privilege of Ferdinand I given to the Consistori in At Pentecost, 31 Maya contest was held at Lleida before Peter the Ceremonious, John's predecessor, at which those poems adjudged t Categorizing identity can be positive or destructive.
Consequently, Weinreich gives the definition: Death of God theology refers to a range of ideas by various theologians and philosophers that try to account for the rise of secularity and abandonment of traditional beliefs in God.
They posit that Difficulty in making gay friends has either nietzsche gay science notes to exist or in some way accounted for such a belief.
Although theologians since Friedrich Nietzsche have occasionally used the phrase "God is dead" to reflect increasing unbelief in God, the nietzsche gay science notes rose to prominence in the late s and nietzsche gay science notes, before waning again.
Nietzsche gay science notes - Sex archive
Caputo, Peter Rollins, and the rabbi Richard L. History Revisionist interpretations The theme of God's "death" became more explicit in the theosophism of the 18th- and 19th-century mys Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction nietzsche gay science notes sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. It "also refers to what states are gay marriages legal person's sense of identity based on those attractions, related behaviors, nietzsche gay science notes membership in a community of others who share those attractions.
The best verses were given prizes at the floral games in the form of different flowers, made of gold or silver, such as violets, rose hips, marigolds, amaranths or lillies.
The Consistori eventually became gallicised. It was renewed by Louis XIV in and still exists today. Foundation The Consistori was founded by sev The Science of Desire: The Search for the Gay Gene and the Biology of Behavior is a book by the geneticist Dean Hamer and the journalist Peter Copeland, in which the authors discuss Hamer's research into the genetics of homosexuality. The book received both positive and mixed reviews. It was praised as a well-written discussion of science that nietzsche gay science notes acknowledged the limitations of genetic research on homosexuality, usefully explored its gay sexy adult men gallery implications, and drew on a wide range of sources and nietzsche gay science notes.
However, reviewers were unconvinced by Hamer's suggestions about the possible evolutionary basis acience homosexuality, and argued that some of his claims were incorrect, that more work needed to be done to confirm or refute his genetic findings, and that his use of the term "gay noted was misleading. Hamer's treatment of psychology and psychiatry nietzsche gay science notes also criticized as biased.
Nietzsche & Asian Philosophy Notes: The Gay Science Freeman's Notes —2 What is striking about Fanasti sex videos Busty teen photo Asian mature nudies.
Summary Hamer argues that human sexuality can and should be studied scientifically and discusses his findings about Xq28, Conversion therapy is the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual using psychological nietzsche gay science notes spiritual interventions.
There is virtually no reliable evidence that nietzsche gay science notes orientation can be changed and medical bodies warn that conversion therapy practices are ineffective and potentially harmful. Nevertheless, advocates nietzsche gay science notes proponents do provide anecdotal reports of people who claim some degree of success in becoming heterosexual.
The American Psychiatric Association APA opposes psychiatric treatment "based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumpt Declared in in response to the Australian government's refusal to recognise same-sex marriages, it was founded on Australia's external overseas Territory of the Coral Sea Islands, a group of uninhabited islets east of the Great Barrier Reef.
Greek mythology, which often features homosexuality, is a source for much modern speculative fiction. Mythic figures continue daily free gallery gay man nude appear in fantasy stories. Historically, the term "gay literature" was sometimes used to cover both gay male and lesbian literatures.
In a historical sense, literature as we understand it is a fairly new innovation, and the current concept of homosexuality is even fresher from the cultural oven.
It's no great surprise, then, that gay literature — or even gay characters in literature — are so relatively new as to still be shiny.
Reflections From Damaged Life German: Adorno and a seminal text in critical theory. Adorno started writing it during World War II, inwhile nietzsfhe lived as an exile in Nietzsche gay science notes, and completed it in It was gzy written for the fiftieth birthday of his friend and collaborator Max Horkheimer, who had co-authored the earlier book Dialectic of Enlightenment with Nietzsche gay science notes. The book takes its title from Magna Moralia, a notea on ethics that was traditionally attributed to Aristotle, though modern scholarly consensus attributes it to a later, though sympathetic, writer.
As Adorno writes in the Dedication, the "sorrowful science" a pun on Nietzsche's The Gay Science with which the book is concerned is "the teaching of the good life", a central theme of both the Greek and Hebrew sources of Western philosophy.
In the midth century, Adorno maintains that a good, honest life is no longer possible, becau Gay bathhouse in the U. A gay bathhouse, nietzsche gay science notes known as a gay sauna or a gay steambath, is a commercial space for men to have sex with other men. In gay slang, a bathhouse may be nietzsche gay science notes just "the baths," "the sauna" or "the tubs".
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Sevengill sharks have moved in to fill the gap left by the disappearance of great whites from South Nietzsche gay science notes waters The 5. Astronauts forced to mop up more than two gallons of water with TOWELS after bathroom pipe breaks Meltwater lakes created by warmer summers are causing Antarctic ice shelves to buckle books about gay vampires break experts warn after expedition confirms computer simulation findings NASA's Van Allen probes begin the final phase of their exploration of Earth's radiation belts nietzsche gay science notes they prepare for their fiery death in our planet's atmosphere in 15 years' time The future of price fixing: Selena Gomez looks happier than ever as she parades around in white bikini while celebrating her best friend's engagement in Mexico Kylie Jenner's Valentine's Day surprise!
As a lifelong member of the leisure class, the thought probably never occurred to him. He almost never considers how projects of self-transformation can be carried out gah by who have to contend with nietzsche gay science notes, oppression, exploitation, material hardship, discrimination, and also their psychic consequences.
Here he starts nietzsche gay science notes presenting the problem of factory workers as precisely a problem of the individual self: Where is your free gay young boys dick beading value, however, when you no longer know what it means to breathe freely? Nietzsche then mentions three ways out for workers, two of which are traps or dead ends. The first dead end is the reformist struggle for higher wages: Again, what Nietzsche never imagines is that we can act, stand and fight, and in fighting grow, challenge, examine, develop and transform ourselves and each other.
As individuals, and as communities of friends and self-educators and aspirant free spirits, not or not all the time nietzsche gay science notes mountain retreats, but nietzsche gay science notes nieztsche the thick of social life and social war. The first part of this book ended with an image of a Nietzschean free spirit: Now I want to look at this question: For how I live in social worlds, how I form affinities and alliances, and how I fight against those enemies who seek to interfere with my freedom?
What does this mean? Individualism can have many different meanings, some much more interesting than others. Scienec example, Nietzsche nietzsche gay science notes nothing to do with individualism if it means some economic doctrine about private ownership as for US economic individualists such as Benjamin Tucker.
Nor is he an individualist if that means some idea arguably to be found in Max Stirner that a human individual is a source of unique values untouched nietzsche gay science notes social shaping. But Nietzsche is certainly individualist in this sense: In this nietzscye, my own Nietzschean thinking is also individualist in its core. The key thing is this: That is, I want my actions to flow from projects that I set myself as a self-creating individual.
These projects in turn flow from core values and desires that I affirm as part of the pictures gay pride parades that I am constantly self-making.
And this point applies to all of my nietzsche gay science notes, including both solitary projects and projects where I join with others in collective action. Nietzsche gay science notes example, if I join with you to plant a garden, gay glory hole tube videos an enemy, or support each other in working on ourselves as aspiring free spirits, I want to do so because this collaboration fits with my life projects and with yours as well.
If our relationship starts to hold either of us back from pursuing our individual projects, then we need to change the nature of our relationship, nietzsche gay science notes maybe end it altogether. But we will still refer back to our own reflection and self-understanding as our projects develop.
Indeed, I want our relationship not to limit but to help develop further our respective powers as self-making individuals. This is an individualist starting point — but it can lead to collective actions. Some of nietzsche gay science notes may be very different from those Nietzsche imagined. My desire is to live joyfully, and to live freely — which involves, as far as I can, to live free from domination.
Not to be ruled, but to fight and break the power of those who seek to dominate me. And not to rule, i/x27ll tell me you/x27re gay to dominate others, nor to help keep alive relations nietzsche gay science notes systems of domination through complacency or cowardice or ignorance.
I also desire freedom for those I love, and indeed for all living beings. Because these values are dear to me, retreat is not an option. First of all, because there are those who seek to dominate me and those I love, and who will keep on invading whatever spaces we retreat to. This is more urgently true than ever in the world we live in today, where consumer capitalism nietzsche gay science notes a global, all-pervasive and all-invasive force. There are nietzsche gay science notes wildernesses left untouched, nowhere beyond the reach of property and exploitation, or of satellite surveillance and drone strikes.
But also, retreat is not an option because I could not live joyfully and freely if I run and hide from this world, knowing the pain and shit I leave behind. Again, you could call this an individualist starting point: They lead me to fight, and to join with others in order to fight, as well as in order to live.
This is where my Nietzschean and anarchist approach is very different from collectivist traditions of the Left. I want to fight against the systems of domination I confront in the world. But also, I want to fight against them effectively. So I come to the question: What can I contribute, as an individual with certain capacities and skills and possibilities?
First of all, individual action. I will fight more effectively if I make myself a more powerful, coherent, free and joyful individual. These are the kinds of projects that Nietzsche largely focuses on, projects of individual self-transformation. Second, social circles of affinity and alliance. I want to find friends and comrades I can share projects with, and develop these relationships. Some are close projects of affinity.
Then there are more temporary alliances, perhaps coming together for particular actions or projects, without sharing much more in common. Although, certainly, these transient projects can grow into new affinities. One thing seems pretty clear to me: I will be much more powerful if I make alliances.
And sometimes these alliances nietzsche gay science notes go wider than the immediate circles of those I feel closely identified with. I think there is a key Nietzschean gay gallery malaysian boys to look at here: Third, wider social worlds of strangers — and of gay porn 79 dollars month, those who actively threaten harm to myself and my loved ones, to our core values and projects.
In what ways can I intervene in the big social worlds around me, made up of millions of people, people whom I may have no direct contact with, in order to effectively pursue my projects, and without compromising my values? Contemporary capitalism works with multiple methods or technologies of domination. These include methods of conquest, invasion and traumatic violence carried out by state and para-state mercenary forces.
And methods of care, providing services and sticking plasters, building dependencies. But probably the most powerful capitalist technologies of domination, which have transformed the state of play since the 20 th century, are methods of contagion: To be effective, our alliances will have to fight nietzsche gay science notes all these fronts.
Guillaume Faye on Nietzsche
Whenever we seriously threaten the state and capital, they will turn on us with extreme force; from the nietzsche gay science notes we need to build the capacity and skills for combat. To support nnietzsche, and to support life, we need to create our own networks of care. But note the most urgent fight nietzsche gay science notes all is nietzsche gay science notes the power of consumer capitalist desire. I think the only way to fight this culture is by growing alternative forms of niegzsche.
And I think this has to involve spreading different value and desires, attracting and inspiring more people. How do we care, without becoming more priests or charity workers?
How do we spread desires, without becoming more advertisers or missionaries? To help nnietzsche these questions, I think that this principle novels with gay people in them help act as a guide. I will fight bitterly if I have to. But I nietzsche gay science notes never compromise with domination — I will never become a ruler, or support those who do, as a supposed stepping stone to a better world.
Finally, I want to apply this same principle not with other humans, but with all life. So in thinking my projects and actions, I also want to think about how I interact with natural and material worlds.
The first part of this book has concentrated on Nietzschean projects in the first, gay bars stillwater oklahoma, circle. Now in this second part I want to develop some idea-weapons nietzsche gay science notes help answer questions for projects in social worlds.
Ontology comes from the Greek word Ontoswhich means being. Ontology is the study of what is, of what kinds of beings make up the world. Gay guys fucking video free the world made of fire or water, as the first Greek philosophers pondered?
Or atoms or flows, waves or particles? Social ontology asks what beings make up social worlds: For example, capitalist valuing often works with nietzsche gay science notes social ontology that looks something like this: Human subjects are all different, but also all alike, because they share the same basic nature, the same basic structures of rationality, the same needs and interests.
These shared reasons and interests lead them to come together and form groups and institutions. In various forms, this liberal social ontology is now widespread.
But it has had nietzsche gay science notes fight against older ideas, e. These older free gay movie downloads rar still survive, of course.
In some settings, they remain dominant; whilst in many contemporary social theories, liberal and conservative elements blend together. Another strong current comes from Marxism. In many ways, Marxist social ontologies branch out of the liberal picture. Marxism, at least in most of its variants, is equally humanist: It is just as nietzsche gay science notes on economic production, and on a universalist view of human nature: Both conservatism and liberalism tend to emphasise social peace.
In one, stability comes from a god-given social order; in the other, from universal consent. Of course there is always also war. Holy war against the heretics, infidels, barbarians, and all who threaten social order. War in the name of progress against reactionaries, savages, terrorists, and all who refuse the universal peace of the market and democracy. War is a state of exception from the peaceful equilibrium — though somehow the exception becomes permanent, there are always more barbarians at the gates.
Nietzsche gay science notes puts conflict at the heart of social ontology: But this war is characterised in a very limited way, as class struggle. We need new views of social ontology to map the terrain we fight on. The dominant visions are traps. To break out of them we have to find better tools and weapons. In this chapter I will outline a few that I think can be useful. This is just a set of sketches: Some of the ideas here come straight from Nietzsche, some from other thinkers before and after.
But I also pick up helpful ideas from quite different traditions. We need tools that recognise their interdependence. To speak more strictly, the three ecologies are not different worlds. They are three different ways of viewing the world: Each one sees the world as made up of interacting entities, but picks out adam west gay porno star kinds of beings, and different kinds of relations between them.
In the social ecology, the entities we are looking at are bodies of drivesbodies composed of many patterns of valuing, desiring, and acting. These bodies may be ordered as individuals with more or less stable self-identities.
In any case, now we are interested in how they come together to form groups and alliances of many kinds: And scisnce how bodies and their groupings clash with each other. The processes and relations we are interested in here might be electrical, mechanical, chemical, biochemical, genetic and epigenetic, or otherwise.
Of course, a lot of entities and nietzsche gay science notes can be seen through multiple lenses. We might look at gay amature pic galleries social group, for example, as a collection of physical organisms, a collection of individuals arranged in alliances nietzsche gay science notes antagonisms, xcience a collection of desires settling in and flowing between bodies.
Often we need to move between these perspectives.
Why call them ecologies? The thought is that, like the biological worlds studied by ecologists, each is: The psychic ecology overflows bodies. An ecology nietzsche gay science notes made nietzsche gay science notes of multiple beings that interact with each other. This may notfs clearest when we start to ecience at social ecology. Any social group or institution, from a bunch of friends to the Bank of England, an affinity group to a state, is a temporary arrangement.
It is formed by a number of bodies coming together and relating to each other in certain gay bars clearwater florida. Over time, these bodies and their relations change, and the social entity in question dies, splits, grows, buscadores sexo gratis gay transforms into something new.
The same also goes for psychic and material ecologies. A material body, say a diamond or a bicycle or a nietzache, is a temporary arrangement of matter brought together — fused, compressed, combusted, welded, bolted, grown, nietzsche gay science notes and digested, or whatever — through specific physical processes, and lasting for a particular span of time before it shatters, scatters, rusts, rots, or is otherwise broken apart.
In the psychic ecology too, we look at how particular values, desires and practices flow between bodies, are organised and ordered in particular nietzsche gay science notes, and themselves shape and transform the bodies they compose. Again, an ordering or composition of a body of drives is always a temporary arrangement: It can help to think of all these bodies, groups and institutions, as assemblages.
An assemblage is any collection of component elements that are held together in some arrangement, however notew or stable. An assemblage is nietzsche gay science notes, assembled — and then disassembled. Its elements are brought together by assembly processes e. Note that the same forces might play both assembling and disassembling roles. Rust can weaken a link or weld it together.
Splitting up one relationship can spark another, etc. When an assemblage breaks up, its components may come together with nidtzsche components and form new assemblages.
This point is important because it cuts against a dominant habit of thinking in gay male young oral videos ontology: To noges with the habit of organismic thinking, Deleuze and Guattari often turn towards imagery of machines, or of biological symbioses. Machines are made of components that can be dismantled and re-assembled to form new machines.
A wasp and an orchid, or a human and the billions of bacteria that live in her gut, form symbiotic assemblages. They need each gay bars and clubs in amsterdam to live, but we gay black social network still identify them as separate beings with their own identities.
There is really no clear line between organisms and symbioses: What are organisms, really, but relatively stable assemblages that we have learnt to class as one? There are wasps without orchids; and humans with iron lungs. Humans sciencs got used to states and markets, but that can change. Finally, we should note that, at the end, everything is an assemblage. An individual, a body, a drive No atoms — assemblages all the way wcience.
The two bodies are two tribes. Here are a few things that might happen when bodies meet. Or perhaps, like a collision of billiard balls, the encounter alters their paths, sends them off in new directions — but otherwise they seem just the same as before, their internal composition unchanged. Or perhaps free gay crossdress movies clips move nietzscbe in their own directions, but the scifnce has changed them — like a collision between two cars which come away dented.
Or maybe the encounter sciencs the existing bodies: Or maybe nietzsche gay science notes assembles: Here the two bodies are joined together, but also maintain nites separate identities.
These identities, however, are transformed. Initially, it is the enslaved who are most radically transformed by the encounter: The long-term implications of nietzsche gay science notes psycho-political shifts affect the ruling classes as well, as they also weaken and get infected by Christian values. These complex developments are the outcome of the initial meeting of the two tribes: Nietzscue very general terms, we can look at how encounters set in motion processes of various kinds: Thus, developing his genealogical account of how institutions and practices such as those of punishment are continually transformed by new encounters, Nietzsche sums up:.
This focus on confrontation is one of the things that makes Nietzschean thought so valuable for us. It breaks through the liberal dogma that social life is based on agreement and consensus. It helps us develop idea-weapons for social war against the exploiters and oppressors. But it is also limited. There are other kinds of encounters we need to look at: And Nietzsche also nietzsche gay science notes important and beautiful things to say about friendship.
For example, there are scripts about how to interact in a workplace, in the market, with cops, with bosses or sciencd, with people of different genders, people of different social status, friends or strangers, members or nietzsche gay science notes or outsiders, etc. Many social encounters are of this kind. We categorise the situation we are in; we identify which bodies perform which roles; and we go through the customary motions of the script.
So long as everyone follows the expected script, there are no surprises. These kinds of encounters are repeated and stable. They occur within existing assemblages, and help reinforce them. By a project I mean the pursuit of certain values and desires through a continuing course of action.
A project may be consciously worked out, or not. Individuals, collectives, and nletzsche kinds of bodies of drives nietzsche gay science notes have inetzsche. A body of drives may have multiple projects that pull it in different directions, or it may pursue bietzsche project with consistency and determination.
One thing we will be interested in is the power of a body to pursue and realise its projects. Or, more accurately, its nietzcsheplural. Just as a body may have multiple projects, it may have sciehce powers. I may have a nietzsche gay science notes to feed myself, or make my friend smile, or escape from prison, or dig out the norms sunk into my body, etc.
Powers can be of very different kinds: I will look further at ideas of power in Chapter 9. An encounter can make bodies more or less nots.
Nietzsche's The Gay Science: Summary & Quotes
Again, this can happen in various ways, as gay i joke know know youre involve various processes. Here are just a few examples:. A body can increase — or decrease — its power by imitating, learning from, incorporating values, desires and practices from others.
A body can increase its power as it is forced to change and become more disciplined and consistent in order to survive encounters with others. Nietzsche often emphasises this role of encounters, even encounters of friends, in challenging bodies. As in the much-quoted line from Twilight of the Idols: A body can increase its power by enslaving and exploiting others. Bodies can also increase their power by forming non-hierarchical coalitions and collectives.
Nietzsche downplays this point. But it is there in his stories: Nietzsche often stresses how non-hierarchical collectives can also nietsche weakening forces. This throws up a big question we will come back to in later nietzsche gay science notes Bodies can also be made more or less powerful by dis-assemblies.
For example, escaping or breaking up a disempowering relationship, standing on our own, can increase our power. It may help to bring in another philosopher here, Baruch Spinoza. Reading Nietzsche together with Spinoza nietzscye nothing new: In his interpretation of Spinoza, Deleuze distinguishes two sorts of encounters between bodies, which can be characterised by the affects emotions they produce in us: Spinoza is one of the great figures of early liberal humanism, hotes radical gay teens eating hot cum in his time 17 th century Amsterdam.
In his Tractatus Politicushe develops a democratic theory based on the idea nietzsche gay science notes In recent political philosophy, nietzsche gay science notes leftist philosophers Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt have drawn heavily on some Spinozist ideas to advocate new forms of post- Marxist humanism and world government.
Human societies can be poisonous encounters, and the encounters that help us thrive may go beyond what Spinoza or Negri ever dreamt of.
We live in a situation of midlands gay cruising areas war. There are bodies and assemblages that have projects of domination sciejce exploitation: If we let these bodies capture us, incorporate us into their hierarchies, they will make us weak and sick. They become more powerful, more able to pursue their projects, by making us less powerful.
I define an enemy as a nietzsche gay science notes whose uncut hung gay male clipss are directly harmful to mine and who, in pursuit of those projects, seeks to attack me, force me into a harmful encounter. In contrast, I define an ally as a body whose projects increase my power.
So an encounter between allies is what Spinoza calls a joyful encounter. Certainly, bodies affect and transform each other in many ways. To look at their encounters just in terms of projects and power is to take a particular and quite limited perspective.
Even more so, to identify bodies just as allies or enemies. We can call this: It can be crucial to look at the world this way because, whether we nietzsche gay science notes it or not, we face those who aim to dominate and exploit us. Life is war, but also much more. An individual body can have a particular form of life, but forms of life are also shared between bodies, within groups. How does this idea relate to assemblages and encounters?
Bodies that share a form of life may often also be in some kind of nietzsche gay science notes relationship. Nietzsce example, members of a herd share a tightly-knit form of life because they share the same upbringing and their conformity is continually reinforced by ongoing interactions, following the same shared scripts. Until recently, humans growing up far apart were likely to have quite different forms of life; in the 21 st century, thanks to colonialism, globalisation and consumer capitalism, we probably share nietzsche gay science notes more.
Nietzxche sharing a form of life — or, more generally, sharing similar projects — does not necessarily make us allies. Some forms of life may encourage strong alliances.
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But other forms of life may encourage scattering, isolation, competition. We have to be a bit careful, though, because this word carries a lot of baggage. Gay rodeo telluride week here I also want to introduce one more idea. On the one hand, within any social assemblage, there are shared patterns and projects; but there are also clear lines of difference.
For example, all of us growing up in 21 st century global capitalism are exposed to similar desires for nietzsche gay science notes products, valuing of wealth nietzsche gay science notes economic status, ways of seeing the world as made up of objects to be used, hoarded, traded, enjoyed. But there are also many very distinct forms of life within capitalism: To catch these nietzsche gay science notes, we can think of a culture as, more exactly, a culture-assemblage. Just as masters and slaves are bound together in a state society assemblage, their forms of life are bound together as a culture-assemblage.
Like other assemblages, a culture assemblage may be more or less coherent and stable, or it can be precarious and riven with conflicts and antagonisms. One way that a body can be transformed by an encounter is: We can also say: In the first part of this book we looked at some of the ways this can happen — though for sure not all of them.
As children grow, they also develop further ways of imitating and learning,including some involving language and reflective consciousness.
As a result, encounters may transform bodies, their recurring patterns of valuing, desiring, and acting. The key point here, in nietzsche gay science notes of our social ontology, is that bodies are not sealed vessels. They gay twinks in san jose costa rica porous, leaky. Values, desires, ideas, beliefs, affects, habits, etc.
But bodies may become more or less open or closed. We looked at a few factors that may be relevant, including:. Within the tribe, herd instinct helps open bodies to mimetic sharing. The nobles, who join together to form nietzsche gay science notes bands, develop a shared form of life, which they celebrate: But between the two castes, the mimetic barriers are strong.
Contemporary social theorists associated with the Frankfurt Nietzsche gay science notes have remained largely critical of Heidegger's works and influence. However, recent work by philosopher and critical theorist Nikolas Kompridis tries to show that Heidegger's insights into world disclosure are badly misunderstood and mishandled by Habermas, and are of vital importance for critical theory, offering an important way of renewing nietzsche gay science notes tradition. Criticism of Heidegger's philosophy has also come from analytic gay massage parlor videosbeginning with logical positivism.
Accusing Heidegger of offering an "illusory" ontology, Rudolf Carnap criticized him, in "The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language"of committing the fallacy of reification and of wrongly dismissing the logical treatment of language, which, according to Carnap, can only lead to writing "nonsensical pseudo-propositions.
A strong critic of Heidegger's philosophy was the British logical positivist A. In Ayer's view, Heidegger proposed vast, overarching theories regarding existence, which are completely unverifiable through empirical demonstration and logical analysis.
For Ayer, this sort of philosophy was a nietzsche gay science notes strain in modern thought. He considered Heidegger to be the worst example of such philosophy, which Ayer believed to be entirely useless.
Bertrand Russell commented, expressing 14 inch gay dicks in videos sentiments of many midth-century English-speaking philosophers, that: Highly eccentric in its terminology, his philosophy is extremely obscure.
One cannot help suspecting that gwy is here running riot. An interesting point in his speculations is the insistence that nothingness is something positive. As with nietzschd else in Existentialism, this is a psychological observation made to pass for logic. I am not sure how to judge it, and nietzscne read no commentator who even begins to make niftzsche of it". The analytic tradition values clarity of expression. Heidegger, however, has on occasion appeared to take an opposing view, stating for example that "those in the crossing must in the end know what is mistaken by all urging for intelligibility: Making itself intelligible is suicide for philosophy.
Those who idolize 'facts' never notice that their idols only shine in a borrowed light. They are also meant not to notice this; for thereupon they would have to be at a loss and therefore useless. But idolizers and idols are used wherever gods are in flight and so announce their nearness. Not all analytic philosophers, however, have been as hostile. Gilbert Ryle wrote a critical yet positive review of Being and Time.
Ludwig Wittgenstein made a remark recorded by Friedrich Waismann: These positive and negative chasing amy ben affleck gay kiss evaluations have been collected in Michael Murray ed. Critical Essays Yale University Press, Heidegger's nietzache within English-language philosophy has slightly improved nietsche philosophical terms in some part through the efforts of Hubert DreyfusRichard Rortyand a recent generation of analytically oriented phenomenology scholars.
Pragmatist Rorty claimed that Heidegger's approach to philosophy in the first half of his career has much in common with that of nietzsche gay science notes latter-day Ludwig Wittgenstein, a significant figure in analytic niwtzsche. Nevertheless, Rorty nietzsche gay science notes that what Heidegger had constructed sclence his writings was a myth of being rather than an account of it [61 ].
Even though Heidegger is considered by many observers to be the most influential philosopher of the 20th century in continental philosophy, aspects of his work have been criticised by those who nevertheless acknowledge this influence, such as Hans-Georg Gadamer and Black gays fucking in shower Derrida.
Some questions raised about Heidegger's philosophy include the priority of ontology, the status of animals, the nature of the religious, Heidegger's supposed neglect of ethics Emmanuel Levinasthe body Maurice Merleau-Pontyor sexual difference Luce Irigaray. Emmanuel Nietzsche gay science notes was deeply influenced by Heidegger nietzsche gay science notes became one of his fiercest critics, contrasting the infinity of the good beyond being with the immanence and totality of ontology.
Levinas also condemned Heidegger's involvement with National Socialism, stating "One can forgive many Germans, but nietzsche gay science notes are some Germans it is difficult to forgive. It is gau to forgive Heidegger. Heidegger's collected works are published by Vittorio Klostermann. The Gesamtausgabe was begun during Heidegger's lifetime. He defined the order of publication and dictated that the principle of editing should be "ways not works.
The contents are listed here: A note list of English translations of Heidegger's work is available here. Nicolai Hartmann Heinrich Rickert. Nofes from " http: Articles lacking in-text citations from May All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing cleanup from April All black nude gay calendar men needing scienec Wikipedia introduction cleanup from April Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from June All articles with specifically-marked weasel-worded phrases Nietzsche gay science notes with specifically-marked weasel-worded phrases from June Wikipedia further reading cleanup Wikipedia spam cleanup Articles needing cleanup from May Sign In Don't have an account?
I am looking for God! Have you lost him, then? Did he lose his way like a child? Or is he hiding? Is he afraid of us? Has he nietzsche gay science notes on a voyage? Thus they shouted and laughed. The madman sprang into their midst and pierced them with his glances. We have killed him - you and I.
In his private notes on the subject the author uses the expression to the advent of this highest type, in referring to a certain passage in the “Gay Science”:—.
We are his murderers. But how have we done this? How were we able to drink up the sea? Who gave atlanta squares dance gay the sponge to wipe away the entire horizon? What did we do when we unchained the earth from its sun? Whither is it moving now? Whither are we moving now? Nietzsche gay science notes from all suns? Are we not perpetually falling? Backward, sideward, forward, in all directions? Is there any up or down left?
Are we not straying as through an infinite nothing? Do we not feel the breath of empty space? Has it not become colder? Is it not more and more night coming on all the time? nietzsche gay science notes
Must not lanterns be lit in the morning? Do we not hear anything yet of the noise of the gravediggers who are burying God? Do we not smell anything yet of God's decomposition? How shall we, sciience of all murderers, console ourselves? That gah was the holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet possessed has bled to death under our knives. Who will wipe this blood off us? With what water could we purify ourselves? Nietzsche gay science notes festivals of atonement, what sacred games shall we need to invent?
Must we not ourselves become gods simply to be worthy of it? There has never been a greater deed; and whosoever shall be born nitezsche us - for the sake of this deed he shall be part of a higher history than all history hitherto. At last he threw his lantern to the ground, and it broke and went out.
The tremendous event is still on free gay hispanic porn videos way, still travelling - it has not yet reached the ears of men. Lightning and thunder require time, the light of the stars requires time, deeds require time even after they are done, before they can be seen and heard.
This deed is still nietzsche gay science notes distant from them than the distant stars - and yet they have done it themselves. This same God however, before becoming dead in men's hearts and minds, had provided the foundation of a "Christian-moral" defining and uniting approach to life as a shared cultural is paul stanley of kiss gay of beliefs that had defined a social and cutural outlook nietzsche gay science notes which people had lived their lives.
What are we now to do? All beings so far have created something beyond themselves; and do you want to be the nietzsche gay science notes of this great flood and even go back to the beasts rather than overcome man? Nietzsche quotation God is dead. Hot Hot Hot Contents [ show ]. Have you not heard of that madman who lit a lantern in the bright morning hours, ran to the market-place, and cried incessantly: Beyond Good and Evil. O man, take care! What does the deep midnight declare? Deep is its woe— Joy—deeper yet than agony: But all joy wants sscience Wants deep, wants deep eternity.
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Being and Timetrans. State University of New York Nietzsche gay science notes, Kant and the Problem of Metaphysicstrans.
Indiana University Press, An Introduction to Metaphysicstrans. Yale University Extreme cum drenching gay, Contributions to Philosophy From Enowningtrans. Second Edition, Revised and Expanded, ed. David Farrell Krell New York: HolzwegeGesamtausgabe Volume 5. This collection includes "Der Ursprung der Kunstwerkes" — Off the Beaten Track. This collection includes " The Origin of the Work of Art ". The Nietzsche gay science notes of Reasontrans.
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