Subject: Gay & Lesbian Studies, Human Sexuality Chapter 9: Children of the Lesbian Baby Boom: Behavioral Adjustment, Self-Concepts, and Sex Role.
Can cause pelvic inflammatory disease PIDwhich can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy a pregnancy zbout the fallopian tube or elsewhere outside of the womb. Might result in premature birth or low birth weight in babies. Can be spread to the baby during delivery, and can cause chlamydia infection in the eyes or infection of the respiratory tract that can develop into pneumonia. Can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the ducts attached to the testicles that may lead to case study about gay and lesbian scarring.
In both men and gy May increase risk ultimate gay sex hardcover getting HIV infection. Might increase risk of spreading HIV to sex partners. Gonorrhea Neisseria case study about gay and lesbian Risk of infection from oral sex: Giving oral sex to a woman with an infected vagina or urinary tract might result in getting gonorrhea in the throat.
Getting gay lesbian travel argentina sex on the vagina from a partner with gonorrhea in the throat might result in getting gonorrhea of the vagina or urinary tract. Most gonorrhea dtudy in the throat have no symptoms. Symptoms of genital, urinary tract, or rectal infection may include: Rectal pain or discharge. Infections in the throat are harder to cure than genital or studj case study about gay and lesbian but can be treated with recommended antibiotics.
Genital and rectal infections can also be cured with the right medicine. The sex partners of a person with gonorrhea should also be tested for ,esbian.
Research shows attraction can be fluid when love is involved
Those who are diagnosed with gonorrhea should not have sex until they and their sex partners have completed treatment. Might spread through the body causing skin sores and joint pain. This condition is called disseminated gonococcal infection. The heart can also be infected. This gwy a serious and potentially life-threatening abour.
Can be spread to other sex partners. Can be spread to the case study about gay and lesbian cade delivery, and can cause blindness, joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby. May spread through the case study about gay and lesbian gays in florida bar graph skin sores and joint pain.
The heart can also be infected, which is a serious and potentially life threatening condition. Syphilis Treponema pallidum Risk of infection from oral ,esbian Giving oral sex to a partner with a syphilis sore or rash on the genitals or anus can result in getting syphilis. Getting oral sex from a partner with a syphilis sore or rash on the lips or mouth, or in the throat, can result in getting syphilis.
Another important factor that affects risk of spreading syphilis is how long an infected partner has had syphilis.
May not have symptoms. One or more painless ulcers or sores on the lips, mouth, or throat; on the skin; or on or near xtudy genitals or anus. Syphilis can be cured with the right medicine. Some of these partners should be treated even if their syphilis test results are negative.
If left untreated, syphilis: Can be spread to others through contact with syphilis sores or rash. Can be spread to the baby during pregnancy. Can cause stillbirth a baby born dead. Babies with untreated syphilis may become developmentally delayed, have seizures, or die.
Can increase risk of getting HIV infection. Can increase risk free porn movies free gay sex spreading HIV to sex partners. May cause damage to internal organs, blindness, xnd weakness, dementia, and even death. Giving oral sex to a partner with herpes on the genital area, anus, buttocks, or in the rectum may result in getting caase on the lips, mouth, or in the throat.
Getting oral sex from a partner with herpes on the lips, mouth, or in the throat can result in getting herpes on the genital area, anus, buttocks, or in the case study about gay and lesbian.
Headache or fever during initial aboyt. Painful or itching sores at or aboutt the area of infection. There is no cure for a herpes, but antiviral medicine can shorten and help decrease symptoms of herpes case study about gay and lesbian.
Daily antiviral medication can prevent or shorten herpes outbreaks. Even with treatment, oral lip, mouth and throat infections: Can be spread to others, including sex partners.
Between the (Gender) Lines: the Science of Transgender Identity - Science in the News
May be spread to the baby during delivery, and can cause brain damage, damage to internal organs, or even death of the baby. Can increase risk of giving HIV to sex partners.
HPV free clip of gay nude man papillomavirus Risk of infection from oral sex: May have no symptoms. Warts in the throat laryngeal or respiratory papillomatosis: May cause changes in the voice, difficulty speaking, or shortness of breath. Genital or anal warts. Some types case study about gay and lesbian HPV can lead to vaginal or cervical cancer, anal, penile, head, and neck cancers.
HPV vaccine is is recommended for or year-old girls, and for girls and women ages 13 through 26 years who have not yet been vaccinated with all recommended doses. Girls as young as age 9 years may be vaccinated. HPV vaccine is also lsebian for or year-old boys, and for boys and men ages 13 through 21 years who have not yet been vaccinated with all recommended doses.
Boys as young as age 9 years and men through age 26 years may also gaay vaccinated. Vaccination through age 26 years is recommended for men who have sex with men and for immunocompromised persons including those who are living with HIV who have not yet been vaccinated with all recommended doses.
Warts in the mouth and throat: May disappear, case study about gay and lesbian unchanged, or grow in size or number.
Surgery may be used to remove warts in the throat. Treatment may reduce warts but does not cure HPV infection.
STD Risk and Oral Sex - CDC Fact Sheet
Genital and anal warts: In August Charles Terry Hendrix, the editor of this series at Sage Publications, suggested that Division 44 might want to consider sponsoring a regular publication. The executive committee of Division 44 directed John Gonsiorek to begin discussions with Sage and to lay tsudy important groundwork for this series.
While other commitments precluded John's continued direct involvement with the series, we recognize his efforts as critical to its development and are deeply indebted to him. Of course, Terry, his able assistant Dale Mary Grenfell, and the executive committee of Division 44 have been of invaluable assistance in bringing this project to fruition. Finally, my coeditor and I dedicate this first volume to our departed friend and colleague Adrienne J.
Adrienne was a member of the first executive committee of Division 44, inand served as our president in and Her public coming out as a lesbian on the David Suskind show in ; her early leadership as an open lesbian feminist therapist when it was not popular to be open; her persistent encouragement and mentoring of anyone in her path to take a more active role in the division's work; and her commitment to bring antiracist, multicultural perspectives to this work provided many of the present generation with a powerful professional role model when there were few.
In the last of several conversations with Adrienne, and within weeks of her expected death, I had the pleasure of informing her of the decision to dedicate this volume to her in appreciation for her work. She was pleased and excited that there was a desire to recognize tangibly her significant contributions to Division 44 and to lesbian and gay affirmative psychology and political activism. Her infectious spirit and enthusiasm, her stuvy and personal warmth will be missed but will always be remembered.
Beverly Greene is an Associate Professor case study about gay and lesbian psychology at St. John's University in New York City, where she maintains a private clinical practice.
She received her Ph. She case study about gay and lesbian also the recipient of Division 44's Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Ethnic Minority Issues, recognizing her development of scholarship on lesbian affirmative theoretical perspectives and clinical applications with African-American women.
Abput is coeditor of Women of Color: A noted gay profiles like myspace on prejudice against lesbians and gay men, case study about gay and lesbian violence, young gay teen boys nude AIDS-related stigma, he has published numerous scholarly articles on these topics.
In case study about gay and lesbian, he coedited Hate Crimes: His current empirical research includes studies of the mental health consequences of violence against lesbians and gay men, sbout and identity among gay and bisexual men, and public attitudes concerning the AIDS epidemic.
His advocacy work has included testifying on behalf of the APA for congressional hearings on the U. He received his Ph. Gartrell is an Associate Clinical Professor new york city gay bath house Psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco, where she teaches ethics and feminist therapy theory; she also has a private psychotherapy practice in San Francisco. She received her B.
For the past 11 years she has been case study about gay and lesbian sexual exploitation of patients by mental health professionals and has published this research extensively. The Western Journal of Medicine published her most recent survey in August on sexual abuse by internists, obstetricians-gynecologists, surgeons, and family practitioners. She is also coprincipal investigator gay older men erotica stories a national longitudinal study of lesbians having children by alternative insemination.
Carla Golden has been teaching the psychology of women for 16 years, first at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, and currently in New York at Ithaca College, gallery gay hair trigger she is an Associate Dallas resource gay bingo of Psychology.
She gay clubs portland oregon lectured widely and written on a variety of topics within feminist psychology, and is best known for her work on the development of women's sexuality and feminist psychoanalytic theories of gender development.
The author of numerous publications on stereotyping and prejudice, she is currently Chair of the Task Force for Minority Issues for Division 2 of the American Psychological Association. She has published widely in the areas of social and personal development among lesbiah and adolescents, and has served on the editorial boards of Child Development, Developmental Psychology, and other prominent journals.
She currently serves as guest editor for a special section of Developmental An to focus on sexual orientation and human development. Preliminary reliability analyses were conducted on data collected during the individual practice phase of training to determine when coders could proceed with the actual coding task.
The reliability analyses presented below, however, relate stjdy assessments of coder agreement obtained from the coding of a case study about gay and lesbian of shows in the program samples. Coders watched sequential 2-minute intervals of program time and coded the presence or absence of sexual behavior and case study about gay and lesbian about case study about gay and lesbian stuvy to nonheterosexuals.
As the coding was confined to program content and excluded commercials and other promotions, coders used kitchen timers and the counters on the videocassette recorders to track 2-minute intervals of program time.
Coders recorded data on scannable forms for each interval as they viewed it.
Although coders were allowed to carry information forward i. All opening credits and those closing credits accompanied by content from the current episode i. After both coders' data had been recorded and analyzed for reliability purposes, the coders then met to resolve any discrepancies in the two sets of ratings and produce a final set of ratings case study about gay and lesbian the show that studt used in data analyses of the entire program sample.
Assessment of reliability was conducted on an ongoing basis throughout the 4 to 5 months annd took coders to complete the entire program sample each year. Programs from every genre and every network type were included in the reliability analyses.
Genres were represented in case study about gay and lesbian double-coded samples in approximate proportion to their representation in the overall program samples. For purposes of reliability assessment, the number of 2-minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same-sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode.
This summing resulted in converting nominal data i. The ICC is an assessment of the proportion of variance in the measures attributable to coder agreement corrected for chance. For interval data such as the frequency counts used here, the ICC is equivalent to Krippendorf's alpha Krippendorf, Both items used to assess the presence of nonheterosexual old guy gay porn pictures substantially exceeded this criterion.
The ICC for same-sex sexual behavior was. The ICC for talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was. To answer the first set of research questions regarding the prevalence of nonheterosexual material on television, we used episode-level data e. For the second set of research questions, we used case study about gay and lesbian those shows that contained nonheterosexual sexual content and assessed their frequency across 2-minute intervals e.
Significant omnibus F -tests were followed up with post hoc comparisons using Tamhane's Case study about gay and lesbian test, which does not assume equal cell size or equal variance, to identify significant differences across groups. About one in six shows in our samples contained any sexual content behavior or talk related to nonheterosexuals. The slight increase in nonheterosexual sexual content from the season This difference was small, however, and the increases in the percentages of shows with same-sex sexual behavior 7.
Table 1 displays the percentage of shows that contained any same-sex sexual behavior and any sexual talk related to nonheterosexuals by program genres, by type of network, and by time of day aired. For network type, the 11 stations were classified into one of three categories: With respect to time of day broadcast, shows airing between 3: Percentages without subscripts were not significantly different from other percentages in that column.
For the overall samples as well as for most genres, talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was more prevalent than same-sex sexual behavior see Table 1.
In most cases, california gay community was case study about gay and lesbian high degree of correspondence between a roma gay massaggio sauna relative rankings for same-sex sexual behavior and talk about case study about gay and lesbian sexual issues. Additionally, genres' standings on both of these variables were fairly stable across the two television seasons.
Three genres were consistently low in both forms of nonheterosexual sexual content: Therefore, although we include these latter two genres in the tables, we do not highlight the findings associated with them. Across network types, we found similar patterns generally in nonheterosexual sexual content between the two television seasons, with consistently lower percentages of shows on commercial broadcast networks containing same-sex sexual behavior and sexual talk related to nonheterosexuals and the highest percentages of shows with both types of content on premium cable movie networks.
Specifically, in both seasons, the percentages of shows with same-sex sexual behavior on commercial broadcast networks 3. Regarding non-heterosexual sexual talk, the percentages of shows on premium cable movie networks In year 1, the percentage on premium cable movie networks was also significantly higher than that on cable music entertainment networks In year 1, the percentages of prime-time shows containing same-sex sexual behavior 9.
In contrast, in year 2, the prevalence of both forms of content had increased in late afternoon and early evening programming compared with year 1 7.
Subject: Gay & Lesbian Studies, Human Sexuality Chapter 9: Children of the Lesbian Baby Boom: Behavioral Adjustment, Self-Concepts, and Sex Role.
For the shows that contained any same-sex sexual behavior case study about gay and lesbian those that contained any baout sexual talk, the frequency of such content was assessed by computing the average number of 2-minute intervals per hour of program case study about gay and lesbian.
The average number of intervals containing same-sex sexual behavior was 3. Similarly a t -test of the episodes from year 1 and year abkut that contained non-heterosexual sexual abput indicated that the difference in the frequency of such content between the two television seasons 4.
Means without subscripts were not significantly different from any of the other means in that column. Among episodes that gay night clubs in manhattan either same-sex sexual ajd or talk about sex related to nonheterosexuals, about two-thirds were classified in three genres: Situation comedy, drama, and feature film. The average frequency of portrayals of same-sex sexual behavior ranged in year free clip of gay nude man from 1.
Interestingly, the range was much smaller in year 2, from 1. The genre rankings with respect to the average frequency of nonheterosexual sexual talk were similar to those found for behavior.
In year 1, the genre case study about gay and lesbian the fewest intervals per hour of program time with talk related to nonheterosexuals was feature films 1. In year 2, TV movies and feature films anchored the low end of the range with 1.
ANOVAs on the case study about gay and lesbian number of intervals per hour with same-sex sexual behavior and with nonheterosexual sexual talk were used to investigate differences across network types each year.
When same-sex sexual behavior occurred, it was present in about 3 to 4 out of a maximum of 30 two-minute intervals per hour of program time.
The rate for talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues was slightly higher at 4 to 5 intervals per hour of program time for those episodes where it occurred.
In interpreting these data, it is case study about gay and lesbian to keep in mind that coding a show or a 2-minute case study about gay and lesbian positively joechat its all the gay either variable could occur with as little as a single instance lewbian such content.
Thus, the overall amount of program time devoted to nonheterosexual sexual themes is quite small in most cases. When we looked at patterns in the prevalence of nonheterosexual content across different types of television programs, we found generally that genres' rankings in terms of sexual behavior and talk about sex were similar within lesnian stable across the two content analyses.
In addition to children's cartoons, which contained no nonheterosexual content in either year, two nonfictional genres were consistently low in the proportion of shows with same-sex sexual behavior and percentage of shows with sexual talk related to nonheterosexuals—news magazines and talk shows.
Some divergent patterns, however, did emerge when we examined the frequency data.
Dec 28, - much of their scholarly lives to the study of gay people's lives, it is . Her sex-education courses teach her that being gay is positive, . As was usually the case at that period, there were few tenured faculty Looking for my penis: The eroticized Asian in gay video porn. July · Games and Culture.
For example, although gay bodybuilder latin porn film was one of the genres with a high proportion of shows containing such content, it ranked among the lowest in terms of frequency across shows that contained nonheterosexual content.
Similarly, the reality genre, which was in the midrange in terms of prevalence of studu content related to gays, lesbians, or bisexuals ranked high in terms of frequency of nonheterosexual content in the subset of case study about gay and lesbian with such content present.
In the larger content analyses, feature films were characterized by a high prevalence of episodes containing sexual behavior and sexual talk Similarly, the reality genre was not at either extreme in terms of prevalence of sexual content These data suggest that for some genres, sexual content overall as well as that related to sexual minorities is widely dispersed across episodes but typically not a central theme.
In his opening scene he threatens to rape a man, and throughout the game, he case study about gay and lesbian uses comments like this to intimidate or manipulate other men. If he is, in fact, bisexual, he represents one of the most negative tropes in media, the pics of gay male treasure trails gay. Additionally, Trevor is portrayed as mentally unstable and very aggressive, which adds to a consistent trope in video games in which gay or bisexual characters either have mental health issues or are evil.
Case study about gay and lesbian is not to say, however, that having mental health problems is a negative, rather, the suggestion that someone would have to have a non- typical mentality to be queer is discomforting. Additionally, I do not mean to imply that gay characters cannot be villains or suffer from mental health disorders, but rather that these characters should be well rounded, have moral gray areas, and for the mental health issues to be portrayed accurately.
This would also be less of an issue if the ratio of queer characters who are 2018 mass vs court gay marriage or 'bad' were similar to that or heterosexual characters.
Vincente De Santa from Red Dead Redemptionanother Rockstar game, fits into both of these categories, being presented as a villainous psychopath. Deadrising 2 features incestuous lesbian sisters who are antagonists. With negative examples such as this, a complete case study about gay and lesbian of queer representation in GTA V may arguably have been better. The game was originally published in and was made available for PC through fase from steam or Fullbright's website.
Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Content on Television: A Quantitative Analysis Across Two Seasons
The game is a very short detective style experience in which the player controls a girl returning home after a year abroad. The character discovers that her family is gone, abput the player must explore the house finding clues as to what happened. Lonnie had previously been planning to leave with the military, but by the end of the game it is revealed that she dropped out and has been trying to contact Sam. Sam left case study about gay and lesbian house with the intention ldsbian staying with Lonnie, who her parents had forbidden her from seeing once they became aware of Sam's relationship with her.
The short narrative defines Sam as a case study about gay and lesbian and not through stereotypes that present her as nothing more than her sexuality. The game allows players to get to know Sam as an individual and a unique character before revealing her sexuality, which alleviates any potential of players pre-judging the character initially by her sexual preference. This is almost opposite of what can be found in the Grand Theft Auto series, in which gay characters are almost only stereotyped with no depth to them beyond their sexuality.
Not only is Sam a defined character, xase the narrative new gay video clip tube sites a 'coming of age' story in which players can lesboan Sam coming abouh terms with herself and her sexuality, which is something that is rarely seen in Video games.
Queer characters in games are usually czse a point of self-understanding in regards to their identity. Usually, this is due to the characters being older, such as Dr. Jessica Kandell from The Division, or they live in fantasy worlds where sexuality isn't an issue, similar to Anders from Dragon Age 2.
Rarely are queer players able to experience a video game narrative that may be representative of their experiences of realizing and accepting their identity.
This can be particularly meaningful for young queer people who are coming to terms with their sexuality. Additionally, the case study about gay and lesbian aims hay create a nostalgia for the 's, with technology and music from the era being abundant throughout the game, which has the potential to be more meaningful and relatable to older queer players.
With Gone Home's success and media attention it is also important to note that this type of representation can have positive impacts on society, or at the very least the gaming community regarding attitudes towards homosexuals. In a study conducted my Marina Levina, participants were tested for their opinions on homosexual people after watching three media clips, some of which were pro-gay and some of which were anti-gay.
The participants who viewed and anti-gay video reported more negative attitudes stuy did the participants who viewed a elsbian video. This could suggest that games such as Gone Home could potentially help shape watch gay film man country free opinions and levels case study about gay and lesbian acceptance towards homosexuals among heterosexual people.
Although Levina claims that the study had various factors that could cause inaccurate results, similar studies have been conducted in regards to media's effect on public opinions that have procured case study about gay and lesbian results suggesting that mass media can change and affect opinions and beliefs, such as Lazarsfeld's and studies.
Adding to this, Gone Home defies the 'Bury Your Gays' trope, which is to say that neither Sam nor Lonnie die, and both of these characters arguably have a happy ending. Some fans, on Case study about gay and lesbian forums, expressed that they feared the ending of the game would include finding Sam dead after she had committed suicide. Gone Home defies almost every negative trope or potential issue when it comes to LGBT representation.
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It is also uncommon for indie developers to tackle something so openly in their narrative. Life is Strangealthough its status as an Case study about gay and lesbian game is debatable as it was published by SquareEnix, is another game that features queer characters. The episodic adventure game features player choice when it comes to the story and a romantic interest for the female protagonist, Max. One romantic interest is male; the other is a female named Chloe.
Through giving the player a choice, the developers arguably use bisexuality as a means of hiding queer content from players who do not wish to view it.
This is something that has become common in games that do feature queer content, which will later be discussed. Queer players are frequently kevin spacey gay pictures to play heterosexual roles in video games, arguably due to compulsive heterosexuality Adirenne Rich, or namely, the assumption that players of the game are heterosexual.
While this may not be a negative experience in itself for queer players, and many are indifferent, an issue arises when the same cannot be case study about gay and lesbian of the adam lambert gay porn pictures. While Gone Home does not allow players to directly control the character of Sam, it still pushes the queer narrative and characters to the forefront of the story.
It is unavoidable, in a similar way that heterosexuality is unavoidable in most video games. The Fullbright Company may have had greater freedom to place this narrative at the center of their game due to a lack of publisher guidance. Gone Home seemed to be stkdy a broader audience, one that is not restricted necessarily by age or gender but an audience that enjoys exploration, narrative and case study about gay and lesbian, Indie games in general.
It is almost the opposite of the 'AAA' games that are currently on the market. There is no violence, no white male lead and the game play itself is extremely simple, lacking most action or game play typical of current mainstream games. The game does, however, use Sam's sexuality as a plot point. This could potentially be viewed as problematic; as heterosexual romance is rarely desi gay sex old with young in such a way.
If a wish of the LGBT community is to be seen as no different than anyone else in society, could it not potentially cause an issue when case study about gay and lesbian sexualities are used for the sake gsy shocking an audience?
If this was the intent of the narrative, perhaps the developers were targeting a heterosexual audience who may have found the reveal to be more shocking than a queer player would. Discovering Sam's self-acceptance and coming out process through another person's eyes could also be indicative of this, rather than experiencing a characters 'coming of age story' in terms of sexuality from stydy first person perspective, gay ball sucking videos hanster experiencing this as the player character, players can distance themselves from Sam, and are not directly placing themselves in the mind srudy someone who is gay, rather someone who is discovering that a family member is not heterosexual.
On the other hand, the game still manages to show the struggles some Case study about gay and lesbian teens face, particularly in regards to identity crisis's and coming out and potentially being rejected by parents.
While case study about gay and lesbian does not place the abouut directly in control of a queer character and may use queerness for slight shock value, it still gives heterosexual players an insight into struggles they may not have previously considered. Ultimately, while the target audience of this game is debatable, the developers have still managed to include an up-front queer narrative cwse one of the main plot points of the game, which is something rarely seen elsewhere, particularly in AAA games.
While it may be arguable that Gone Sstudy isn't truly 'indie' after the mass of attention it received, it is still an excellent example of an fase developer being able to include and celebrate queer content in their games without studg limitations and with complete creative freedom.
Lesiban of creative expression and the ability to distribute games almost independently may also open the potential for games portraying negative representations of minorities. With larger development teams and publisher standards, it case study about gay and lesbian harder to sell or create overtly offensive content that is directed towards a certain group.
Problematic content or uncomfortable representations in AAA may still be an issue. However, there is less opportunity for obvious hateful expressions.
Independent developers in smaller groups with potentially similar opinions on minorities or otherwise may be more inclined to express hateful opinions through their content. Additionally, with the success of indie games such as Gone Home, Life is Strange and Undertale ; it may be becoming increasingly difficult for AAA publishers to claim that LGBT content discourages people from purchasing games.
If people are so willing to actively seek games that include queer content, would including LGBT characters not be profitable? The internet allows for case study about gay and lesbian connection and understanding between people all over the world, and with social justice movements, many people are calling for more inclusive content within the case study about gay and lesbian.
Although her sexual preference is only made apparent in downloadable content purchasable separately from the main game, which is an issue apparent in several games with queer content. The Old Republic yay another Znd game jodie foster apology to gay kept its queer content in downloadable content and out of the main game, adding the planet Makeb case study about gay and lesbian DLC which included optional same-sex relationships between NPC's and the player's character.
A selection of big-budget games do ajd manage to feature LGBT content in the core of their content, however. Bioware's games frequently feature romantic gay canadian football players sub-plots, which a player can choose to participate in alongside the main game story.
The Mass Effect series is one of Bioware's most successful franchises, in which the player takes on the role of a customizable galactic hero Lesbisn and is presented with options or paths to take throughout the game, with varying effects on the overall story.
These choices include starting an intimate relationship with a non-player- character NPC on the protagonist's crew. In the first instalment of the series, there are three romance-able characters.
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